A Critical Analysis of the Illegal Coal Mining Activities Inside Dihing Patkai National Park


  • Biruchan Chetia Phukon Advocate, Gauhati High Court, Assam.




Coal Mining, Ecological Degradation, Forest Conservation, Public Trust Doctrine, Right to Life.


The Dihing Patkai National Park, commonly referred to as the “Amazon of the East”, is a hub of rich and diverse biodiversity located in the Tinsukia and Dibrugarh districts of Assam. The coal mining operations in this region have a historical origin that can be traced back to the colonial era. During this period, the fuel resources extracted from this region were primarily utilized to power local enterprises. However, lately, it has been alleged that certain illegal coal mining activities carried out in this region have greatly affected the region surrounding the National Park and have sparked protests among the local population against such activities. This paper discusses the impact of illegal coal mining activities inside Dihing Patkai National Park. At the same time, it will also discuss the reasons why stopping all the coal mining operations near the region will also affect the development and employment in the region. The research also highlights the historical background of the mining of coal in the region surrounding Dihing Patkai National Park. And the various environmental impacts on the region due to coal mining activities as well as its effects on the local population. This research also discusses the doctrine of public trust along with some important Supreme Court decisions and the One- Man Enquiry Commission Report under retired Justice B. P. Katakey. Moreover, this research aims to maintain a balance between ecology and economy


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How to Cite

Chetia Phukon, B. (2024). A Critical Analysis of the Illegal Coal Mining Activities Inside Dihing Patkai National Park. International Journal of Law and Social Sciences, 9(1), 17–24. https://doi.org/10.60143/ijls.v9.i1.2023.80





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