The Changing Face of Free Speech: A Study of Article 19 in the Digital Age in India


  • Tushar Sharma LLM Student, The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (NUJS), Kolkata, West Bengal.



Article 19, Digital media, Free Speech, Freedom of Expression, Hate Speech, Public Discourse.


In the digital age, India’s narrative of free speech has encountered both evolution and turbulence. Rooted in the democratic ethos, Article 19 of the Indian Constitution safeguards this freedom, reflecting the country’s commitment to upholding a citizen’s right to express. With the proliferation of online platforms—ranging from social media to news portals—the citizens have found dynamic avenues to articulate their viewpoints. As Nelson Mandela once said, “To be free is not merely to cast off one’s chains but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others.” However, this freedom has its pitfalls in the digital realm: the rapid dissemination of misinformation and the perils of divisive rhetoric. This research delves into the protective umbrella of Article 19 of the Constitution, emphasizing its pivotal role in safeguarding expression. The current landscape necessitates a balance, a careful navigation between the unrestricted flow of opinions and the dangers of digital misinformation. Issues of censorship, both governmental and self-imposed, further complicate this balance. As the world envisages the future of India’s digital discourse, it becomes paramount to ensure that the sanctity of free speech, as championed by Article 19, is preserved, yet responsibly exercised. Conclusively, the paper underscores the imperative of navigating the nuanced balance between unbridled digital expression and the responsibilities accompanying it, all through the lens of Article 19.


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How to Cite

Sharma, T. (2024). The Changing Face of Free Speech: A Study of Article 19 in the Digital Age in India. International Journal of Law and Social Sciences, 9(1), 78–88.





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